If COVID-19 vaccines bring an end to the pandemic, America has immigrants to thank
If new COVID-19 vaccines help life in the U.S. get back to normal next year, the nation will have many immigrants such as few below to thank. Scientists and investors born outside the U.S. played crucial roles in the development of vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna. It’s a remarkable vindication for the argument — often made by the biotech industry — that innovation depends on the free movement of people and ideas.
Covid 19
1.Katalin Kariko, the scientist behind the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine is a Hungarian-American researcher  expertise on RNA played a pivotal role in the development of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine.
 The Hungarian biochemist Katalin Kariko, fled to the US from communist rule in the 1980s.
2. Moncef Slaoui, the former head of GlaxoSmithKline’s vaccines division, who spoke  about coronavirus vaccine development in Ma is an immigrant from Morocco.He is  the chief adviser to Operation Warp Speed.
Immigrants are playing key roles in nearly every aspect of the vaccine effort in the United States.
3.Jeremy Levin, CEO of Ovid Therapeutics and chairman of the Biotechnology Innovation Organization, the U.S. industry trade group.
Levin, who was born in South Africa, said high-skilled immigrants are attracted to the U.S. for its great educational institutions — and for its biotech industry that’s willing to take big risks
4.Dr. Victor Dzau, president of the National Academy of Medicine,  is a Chinese-American doctor and academic. He serves as the President of the United States National Academy of Medicine of the United States National Academy of Sciences. He was previously the president and CEO of Duke University Medical Center.
5.Noubar Afeyan, Moderna’s chairman was born in Lebanon, lived in Montreal and trained at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
It took scientists at Moderna and BioNTech less than a year to bring these new vaccines to market. It was an unprecedented race against time — made possible by decades of work from some of the best minds in the world.